Are Merle Pitbulls a Mystery? Unravel the Ultimate Guide!

Have you ever heard about Pit Merle? They’re quite the talk in the dog world, and I’m here to tell you all about them. You see, I’m a bit of a dog enthusiast, and I’ve got some interesting insights into these special pups.

Imagine a dog that looks like a work of art, with colorful patterns on their coat and a heart full of loyalty. That’s a Merle Pit for you! In this article, we’ll take a journey into their past, explore their eye-catching looks, and even touch on the controversies that surround them.

So, stick around because by the end, you’ll know what makes Merle Pits unique and the essential things to consider if you’re considering bringing one into your life. It’s going to be a fun and informative ride!

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At a glance…

Breed NameMerle Pitbull (Merle is a coat pattern)
Coat PatternMerle coat pattern with splotches of color
TemperamentLoyal, affectionate, protective
SizeMedium to large
Physical FeaturesMuscular build, short coat, unique color
Health ConcernsPotential genetic issues
Exercise NeedsRequires regular exercise and stimulation
TrainingBenefits from early socialization and training
GroomingLow maintenance due to short coat
LifespanAverage 12-14 years
PopularityControversial; not a recognized breed

What is a Terrier Mix Merle? 


A Merle Pitbull is a variation of the American Pitbull Terrier breed with a distinctive mottled coat pattern of irregular patches or swirls of color.

The Merle gene causes it. It’s like they’re wearing a stylish, one-of-a-kind fur coat!

They are sometimes referred to by other names or variations depending on their coloration, coat patterns, or other traits. Merle pattern is not a breed; it’s a specific coat color found in various breeds, including Pitbulls. 

They can be found in various shades, including red, blue, white, brown, black, brindle, tan, chocolate, and leopard merle. Coats can also be solid, piebald, or brindle.

Among these, red Pit Merle exhibit stunning reddish-brown coats with captivating marbled patterns.  Blue merle Pits charm with their bluish-grey coats that sport mesmerizing swirls. White merle Pits feature a predominantly white coat with beautiful merle patterns, while brindle merles display a mix of tiger-like stripes and merle patterns. 

Merle Terriers are not recognized as a breed by any major kennel clubs, such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the United Kennel Club (UKC). The merle gene is not a natural part of the Pitbull breed.

History and Breed Origin:

The merle gene, responsible for the distinctive coat pattern, naturally occurs in some lines of American Pitbull Terriers. It’s a genetic variation that can be passed down from one generation to the next within the breed.

It can also appear in other dog breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd and the Border Collie. It is not solely introduced through crossbreeding with other breeds.

The story of Merle American Pitbulls involves a blending of genetic inheritance rather than a recent crossbreeding event.

As a result, Merle American Pit Bull Terriers have been a part of the American Pitbull Terrier lineage for a more extended period than some might think.

How did it gain popularity?

The Merle Pit-Mix gained attention and popularity, especially in the early 1990s, due to its captivating and one-of-a-kind appearance. 

It gained popularity for many reasons, including:

  • Unique appearance
  • Association with celebrities
  • Positive temperament
  • Social media presence
  • An overall increase in the popularity of Pitbulls

Genetics of Merle Pit:


Merle Pitties have a distinct coat pattern due to their genetics.

This unique pattern results from a specific gene called the “Merle gene.”

This gene is responsible for the beautiful mottled coat that sets Merle Pit-Mixes apart.

Here’s how it works: The Merle gene can come in two variations: “M” for Merle and “m” for non-Merle.

If a dog inherits one “M” gene from one parent and one “m” gene from the other, it will have the Merle coat pattern.

  • A dog with one copy of the Merle gene is called a carrier. Carriers will not express the Merle coat pattern but can pass the Merle gene to their offspring.
  • If two carrier dogs are bred, there is a 25% chance that their offspring will be Merle, a 50% chance that their offspring will be carriers and a 25% chance that their offspring will not have the Merle gene.

The Merle gene can affect more than just coat color. It can also affect eye color and hearing. For example, Pit Merle are more likely to have blue or green eyes, and they are also more likely to be deaf or partially deaf.

What Bloodline Is a Merle Pitbull?

The term “bloodline” is often used to describe the lineage of a dog breed, and it can refer to a specific family tree or lineage. 

These unique dogs can come from various bloodlines, including:

American Pit Bull Terrier: This is the most common bloodline for Bull Merle, known for their strength, loyalty, and courage.

Australian Shepherd: Australian Shepherds, prized for their intelligence and herding skills, can produce Terrier Mix Merle with various coat colors and patterns when bred with Pit Bulls.

Border Collie: The intelligence and energy of Border Collies result in highly trainable and athletic Merle coat Pit when crossbred.

Other bloodlines that may contribute to the heritage include:

  • Catahoula Leopard Dog
  • Collie
  • Dachshund
  • Great Dane
  • Sheltie

Appearance and Physical Features:

Pitbull Merle are medium to large, muscular dogs with mottled coat patterns in various colors. 


Ears: Pit Merle typically have medium-sized, floppy ears that can stand erect when alert. Their ears add to their alert and intelligent expression.

Eyes: Their eyes are often round and expressive, and the color can vary. Some have brown eyes, while others may have blue.

Skull: Pitbull Merle has a broad and slightly rounded skull. It’s proportional to their body size, giving them a balanced appearance.

Muzzle: Their muzzle is well-defined, not too long, and not too short. It’s strong and athletic, which is typical of the Pitbull breed.

Nose: The nose can come in various colors, including red, blue, black, or liver, and complements the coat.

Jaws: These dogs have powerful jaws, and their bite is strong. They often have a scissors bite, where the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth.


Neck: The neck of a Merle Pit dog is muscular and slightly arched. It’s well-proportioned to the head and body.

Chest: Their chest is deep and broad, indicating their strength and athleticism.

Back: Merle Pit-Mix have a strong, straight back that gives them a balanced and agile posture.

Legs: Their legs are well-muscled and sturdy. They have a firm stance, which contributes to their confident appearance.

Paws: The paws are compact and round. They have strong, thick pads that provide good support.

Tail: Merle canines have a tapered and slightly curved tail. It’s short and adds to their balanced appearance.


CategoryHeight (Inches)Weight (Pounds)
Toy10 – 1215 – 30
Miniature12 – 1630 – 40
Standard16 – 2040 – 60
XL/XXL20 – 2460 – 80

Coat Types and Color Patterns:

The Merle American Pitbull Terrier is known for its distinctive coat, which is different from the typical solid-colored Pitbull skin.

Coat Type: These canines have a unique “Marble” coat pattern, characterized by colorful spots or swirls on a lighter background.

Color Patterns: Their coats can feature colors like black, blue, red, or fawn, creating a one-of-a-kind and ever-changing fur coat.

The merle gene can also be found in other breeds, but it is less common in others.

SheltiePyrenean Shepherd
Great DaneCollie
French BulldogDachshund
BeauceronCardigan Welsh Corgi
Border CollieBergamasco Shepherd
Australian ShepherdChihuahua

Eye Colors: These Pits can have different eye colors, including brown eyes or a mix of blue and brown eyes (heterochromia), adding to their captivating appearance.

Shedding Patterns:

Terrier Mix Merle are moderate shedders. They shed their coats year-round, but they shed the most during the spring and fall. 

Some Merle American Pitbulls may shed more, while others may shed less. It often depends on their genetics and the type of coat they have. If your Pitbull Merle has a thicker coat, it might shed more.

It’s important to note that shedding is a normal part of a dog’s life, and it’s something to consider when welcoming a Merle American Pitbull Terrier into your home.



These canines have a generally good temperament. They are known for being loyal, loving, and affectionate with their families.

They are loyal and often form strong bonds with their families. Merle canines are good with children and can make excellent family pets.

They also have a protective side, which can make them great watchdogs.

However, it is important to note that all dogs are individuals, and their temperament can vary depending on their personality and upbringing.

Some Pitbull Merle may be shy or reserved, while others may be more outgoing and playful.

Are Pit Merle Mix Good With Kids?

Yes, Merle furballs can be wonderful family pets and are often good with kids. They are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, which can make them great companions for children.

However, it’s important to remember that every dog is an individual, and their behavior can be influenced by training, socialization, and past experiences.

As a responsible owner, I recommend supervising interactions between any dog and young children, teaching kids how to interact with dogs properly, and ensuring that the dog is well-trained and socialized.

Are Merle Pitbulls Good With Other Animals?

The compatibility of Merle Pit-Mixes with other animals can vary. These dogs have a strong prey drive, so they may only sometimes get along with smaller pets like cats or rodents.

However, early socialization can help them learn to coexist peacefully with other animals. Personally, I’ve had success with my Pitbull Merle by introducing her to our family cat from a young age, and they’ve become friends.

Every dog is different, so assessing their behavior and making informed decisions about their interactions with other animals is crucial.


The average lifespan of a Merle furball is 12-14 years. However, some Pitbully Merle may live longer, up to 16 years or more.

The lifespan of a Merle American Pitbull can be affected by several factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, and overall health.

Energy Levels:

Just like other Pitbulls, they tend to have high energy levels. It means they are often quite active and enjoy playtime and exercise. They like to run, play fetch, and engage in physical activities.

It must be provided with regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep it happy and healthy. It includes daily walks, interactive toys, and play sessions.

Keeping them active ensures their physical well-being and helps prevent boredom, which can lead to unwanted behaviors.

Personality Traits:

Pitbull Merle is generally known for the following personality traits:

  • Sensitivity: These dogs are sensitive, so it is important to be gentle with them and avoid harsh punishment.
  • Loyalty: They are fiercely loyal to their families and will protect them at all costs.
  • Affection: They are affectionate dogs that love to cuddle and snuggle with their owners.
  • Adaptability: These dogs are adaptable and can thrive in various environments.
  • Stubbornness: They can sometimes be stubborn, so they must be patient and consistent with their training.

Trainability of Merle Pits:

Merle Pit dogs are generally highly trainable. They are intelligent and eager to please, which makes teaching them commands and tricks relatively easy. However, their strong will and determination can sometimes make them stubborn.

So, it’s essential to use positive reinforcement training methods, such as treats and praise, to motivate them. Consistency in training is vital. Regular, short training sessions work better than long ones.

Also, early socialization with other dogs and people is essential to ensure they grow up well-behaved and friendly pets.

Are Merle Pitbulls Intelligent?

Pit Merle are intelligent dogs, but their intelligence is often overlooked. They are good at problem-solving, reading human emotions, and learning new tricks.

merle american pitbull-terrier-price


One day, I was playing fetch with my Merle Pittie, in the backyard. I threw the ball too far and landed in a thicket of bushes.

Buddy looked at me with a disappointed expression on his face. I could tell he wanted to get the ball, but he didn’t know how to get through the bushes.

Reading human emotions:

I decided to test his intelligence and see if he could figure out how to get the ball on his own. I walked away and pretended to lose interest in the game. Buddy watched me for a moment, and then he started to sniff around the bushes. He found a small opening and squeezed through it.

Learning new tricks:

A few minutes later, Buddy emerged from the bushes with the ball in his mouth. He was so proud of himself! I was amazed by his intelligence and determination.

Merle bullies make great companions. They are loyal, loving, and eager to please. It is a great option if you are looking for a bright and trainable dog.

Top 3 Rare Facts About the Merle Pit:

Here are some rare facts about the Merle Pit bull:

  • They can have tiger stripes. Some Pit bull Merle have tiger stripes on their coats. A combination of merle and other coat color genes causes these stripes.
  • They can be merle with other coat patterns. In addition to the traditional Merle pattern, Pitbulls can have different coat patterns, such as brindle, pinto, and solid colors.
  • They can be born with a complete set of teeth. Some Merle mixes are born with a full set of teeth, known as natal dentition. It is a rare occurrence in dogs, and it is more common in double-merle Pits.

Distinguishing Merle from Brindle:

CharacteristicMerle PitBrindle Pit
Coat patternMottled coat pattern with patches of different colors.Coat pattern with stripes or swirls of the same color.
Nose colorCan have any nose color, including black, red, or blue.Typically have a black nose.
Eye colorCan have any eye color, including blue, green, amber, or hazel.Typically have brown eyes.

Can Pit Bulls Have Merle Coat Colors Naturally?

No, Merle is not a natural coat color for Pit Bulls. It’s a unique and distinct coat pattern rather than a standard color. Merle Pit Bulls acquire this pattern through genetics. 

It’s a genetic variation that can be passed down within the breed over generations.  It’s important to know that the Merle pattern is not solely introduced through crossbreeding with other breeds.

Instead, it’s part of the genetic inheritance of some Pitbull lines, making it an integral and long-standing aspect of the American Pitbull Terrier lineage.

Merle Coat Authenticity:

The authenticity of the Merle coat in Pitbulls is a controversial topic. Some people believe Merle American Pits are not authentic, while others believe they are simply a breed variation.

black and white merle pitbull

There are a few reasons why people might believe that Merle mixes are not authentic Pitbulls.

First, the merle gene is not a natural part of the Pitbull breed.

Second, any major kennel clubs do not recognise Pitbull Merle as a breed.

When merle coats appear in Pitbulls, it’s often due to mixed breeding with other breeds that carry the merle gene.

These mixed-breed dogs may inherit the merle coat pattern. However, this is not considered authentic to the purebred Pitbull standard.

Merle coats are not typical for the Pitbull breed. Pitbulls usually have solid coat colors, such as black, brown, or brindle. 

Health Implications of the Merle Coat:

While the Merle gene is responsible for the unique coat pattern, it is also associated with certain health risks. These risks are more pronounced when two merle-coated dogs are bred together.

Here are some of the potential health implications of the Merle coat in Pitbulls:

  • Hearing loss: These dogs are more likely to be deaf, either partially or completely. It is because the merle gene can also affect the development of the inner ear.
  • Vision problems: These dogs are also more likely to have vision problems, such as microphthalmia (small eyes), aniridia (missing iris), and chorioretinitis (inflammation of the retina).
  • Skin problems: These dogs are more likely to develop skin problems, such as alopecia (hair loss) and vitiligo (loss of pigmentation).
  • Other health problems: They may also be more prone to other health problems, such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and allergies.
  • Cryptic Merle: It is a hidden Merle gene. Cryptic Merle dogs look like solid-colored dogs, but they can produce Merle puppies when bred to other Merle dogs. Merle puppies can have health problems, so it is vital to test Merle dogs for the Cryptic Merle gene before producing them.

How is the Merle dog created? 

Merle Terriers are created by breeding a Pitbull with a dog that carries the merle gene. The merle gene is dominant, so only one parent needs to have the gene for the puppies to be merle.

  • Breeding a Pitbull with a Merle-coated breed: It is the most common way to create Pit Merle Mix. Breeders often crossbreed Pitbulls with other merle-coated breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd or Catahoula Leopard Dog.

Breeding two merle dogs together can produce double-merle puppies, which are at an increased risk of severe health problems.

Is Merle Terrier deaf?

Not all Pitbully Merle are deaf, but Merle bulls are likelier to be deaf than Pitbull Terriers without the Merle gene. Deafness in Merle Terriers is caused by a lack of pigment in the inner ear.

This lack of pigment can disrupt the development of the cochlea, which is the organ responsible for hearing. Deafness can be mild to complete, and it can occur in one or both ears.

Related study:

In the study “Prevalence of deafness in dogs heterozygous or homozygous for the merle allele” by George M. Strain, the hearing of 153 privately owned merle dogs of different breeds and both sexes was tested.

The results showed that 4.6% of the dogs were unilaterally deaf and 4.6% were bilaterally deaf. Dogs homozygous for the merle allele were significantly more likely to be deaf than heterozygotes (15% vs. 2.7%).

It concluded that deafness is more common in merle dogs than non-merle dogs and that the risk of deafness is higher in double-merle dogs than in single-merle dogs.

Caring for Merle Pits:

Caring for a Merle mix is similar to caring for any other dog, but there are some things you should keep in mind.

tan merle pitbull dog

Nutrition: Feed your dog a balanced diet appropriate for their age and activity level. Seek guidance from your veterinarian to select the proper food.

Health Checkups: Regular vet visits are essential for vaccinations, preventive care, and addressing health issues.

Sun Protection: If your Merle Pit Dog has white areas on their coat, protect them from sunburn with sunscreen or shade.

Socialization: Early and positive socialization with people and other dogs is essential to ensure a well-adjusted and friendly pet.

Training: Train your Pitbull with positive reinforcement to ensure good behavior and obedience.

Nutritional Needs:

According to the American Kennel Club and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, Merles need a high-quality diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates.

They should be fed two to three meals daily and have access to plenty of fresh water.

As a responsible owner, it’s a good idea to consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your Terrier Merle , as their nutritional requirements can vary based on age, size, and activity level.

Also, make sure to provide them with fresh water at all times to keep them well-hydrated. Avoid feeding them harmful human foods like chocolate, onions, or grapes, as these can be toxic to dogs.

Importance of Exercise:

Exercise is essential for all dogs. However, it is vital for Merle Pits because they are more likely to be overweight and obese than other Pitbulls. It is due to some factors, including the Merle gene itself, their high energy levels, and their tendency to overeat.

  • Exercise can help to improve your Merle Pits cognitive function. Studies have shown that regular exercise can help to improve cognitive function in dogs of all ages. It is vital for Merle Pibbles, who are more likely to be deaf and have vision problems. Exercise can help to keep their brains active and engaged, which can help to prevent cognitive decline.
  • Exercise can help to strengthen your Merle Terrier’s immune system. Regular exercise can help to boost your Staffie’s immune system, making them less susceptible to diseases and infections. It is vital for Merle Staffordshire Terriers, who may be more sensitive to certain conditions due to the Merle gene.

Grooming Essentials:

As a Bully Merle owner, I can tell you that grooming them is essential to their overall health and well-being.

white Terpit-Mix-Merle

Their short coats may not require as much grooming as other breeds, but they still need regular brushing and bathing to remove loose hair, distribute skin oils, and prevent mats and tangles.

  • A soft rubber bristle brush: It is gentle on their skin and helps remove loose hair and distribute skin oils. I like to brush my Merle Pitter once a week, but you may need to brush yours more often if they have a thick coat or shed a lot.
  • A de-shedding tool: It removes loose hair from the undercoat and helps prevent mats and tangles. I use a de-shedding tool on my Merle Staffie once a month, but you may need to use it more often if they shed a lot.
  • A mild shampoo and conditioner: Pit Merle mixes have sensitive skin, so it is vital to use a mild shampoo and conditioner specifically designed for dogs. I like using a hypoallergenic shampoo and conditioner free of harsh chemicals and fragrances.
  • A towel: After bathing your pit bull, dry it off thoroughly with a towel. Use a blow dryer in a relaxed setting to help dry their undercoat.
  • A nail trimmer: These dogs have fast-growing nails, so it is essential to trim them regularly to prevent them from cracking or splitting. I like to cut my Merle Pibble’s nails once a week, but you may need to trim them more often if they are very active.
  • Ear wipes: These are prone to ear infections, so cleaning their ears regularly with ear wipes is essential. I like to clean my Merle Terrier’s ears once a week, but you may need to clean them more often if they have a lot of wax buildup.

Controversies and Debates:

American Bullies are a controversial breed. Some believe they are a beautiful and unique American Pitbull Terrier breed variation. In contrast, others think they’re a product of unethical breeding practices and that the merle gene can cause serious health problems.

blue merle american pitbull terrier

Merle gene: The Merle gene is a recessive gene that dilutes the base coat color and allows other hues to shine through. This results in a mottled coat pattern of irregular patches or swirls of color.

However, the Merle gene can also cause other health problems, such as deafness, blindness, and other eye and ear problems.

Health Concerns: The potential health problems associated with Merle-Coat Pits have raised concerns. While not all Pit-merle will suffer from health issues, it’s essential to be aware of the risks.

Breed Mislabeling: Another issue is mislabeling dogs as Merle when they may not have the proper genetic background. It can lead to misunderstandings and misrepresentations of the breed, adding to the controversy.

Breed-Specific Legislation: Some regions have implemented Breed-Specific Legislation (BSL) targeting Pitbull breeds. It has ignited debates about the fairness and effectiveness of such laws, as they often focus on the breed’s appearance rather than individual behavior.

Despite the controversies, they remain popular among some dog owners.

Misconceptions and Myths:

Here, I’ll address common misconceptions and myths about Merle Staffie. 

merle pitbull puppies price

➡️ All Merle Pitbulls Are Deaf or Blind:

This is a widespread misconception. While breeding two Bully Pit Merles together can increase the risk of deafness and blindness in their offspring, it doesn’t mean all bully Pits suffer from these conditions. Many Terrier-Merle leads perfectly healthy lives.

➡️ Merle Pitbulls Are a Separate Breed:

Some people mistakenly believe that Merle pibbles are a distinct breed. In reality, they are a variation within the American Pitbull Terrier breed and not a separate breed.

➡️ Merle Pitter Shouldn’t Be Adopted:

Some people believe that adopting these dogs is unethical because of potential health issues. However, many responsible breeders and American Bullies are in shelters seeking loving homes. Adopting from a shelter or rescue can be a compassionate choice.

➡️ They Are Inherently Dangerous:

It’s a common myth that all Pitbulls, including Merles, are inherently dangerous. It is not valid. A dog’s behavior largely depends on training, socialization, and owner responsibility.

Do Merle Pitbulls bark a lot?

Like many dogs, they can bark, but their barking habits can vary from one dog to another. In my experience as a dog owner, these dogs are not typically excessive barkers.

They may bark to alert you to something unusual or as a form of communication, but they are not known to be yappy dogs. The environment, training, and socialization can influence their barking tendencies.

LowNot excessive barkers, may alert or communicate occasionally.
ModerateSome may bark moderately in response to specific stimuli.
HighFew may have a high barking tendency, often due to training or socialization factors.
Individual VariationBarking tendencies vary widely among dogs, influenced by training and environment.

If you find your Merle Staffy barking excessively, it’s essential to understand the reason behind it and address any underlying issues, such as boredom or anxiety, through training and proper care. With the right approach, you can manage their barking habits effectively.

Suitable Living conditions:

Merle Staffies are relatively low-maintenance dogs when it comes to living conditions. They don’t require a lot of space, but they need a comfortable place to sleep.

  • They need a comfortable and cozy shelter, like a dog house, to protect them from harsh weather.
  • If you live in an apartment, choose one large enough for your Merle pibble to move around comfortably.
  • Ensure your home is free of hazards, such as poisonous plants and electrical cords.
  • If you have a yard, your Terrier Merle will love having a place to run and play.
  • Be sure to fence in your yard to prevent them from escaping. You should also provide them with a shady spot to relax on hot days.

Merle Pitbull Puppies:

These puppies are adorable and full of energy. They are known for their unique coat patterns, which can have different colors and swirls. 

merle american pitbull terrier puppies

Pitbull Merle puppies are beautiful and need special care. When you get a Merle puppy, ensure they have a comfy bed, food, and water bowls. They need love and attention to grow up happy and healthy.

Merle Pit pups have soft, short coats that are easy to care for. Their coats are different from regular Pitbull puppies. The merle gene gives them a mottled look with patches and swirls of color. This distinctive coat pattern makes them stand out.

Pit-Merle puppies come in various colors: blue, red, and fawn. Their coats can also be solid colored, patched, or dapple (spotted).

One of the things I have noticed about their coat is that they seem very sensitive to temperature. If the dog is too hot, its coat will become lighter. If the dog is too cold, its fur will turn darker. It is a natural way for Merle Terriers to regulate their body temperature.

Potty training is important, so teach them where to go outside. Play with them and give them toys to keep them busy and happy.

Remember, Terrier Merle puppies are like little sponges, so be patient and gentle when teaching them. They’ll grow up to be loving and loyal companions with the proper care and guidance.

Why do some Merle Pits have blue eyes? 

Merle mix can have blue eyes because the Merle gene can also disrupt melanin production in the eyes. Melanin is the pigment that gives eyes their color, so a lack of melanin can result in blue eyes.

Why do some Merle Pits have blue eyes

Blue eyes are more common in double merle mix, which has two copies of the merle gene. However, bluish eyes can also occur in single-pitbull Merle, especially if the Pitbull has a lot of white in its coat.

Some have blue eyes due to a genetic trait. Here’s why it happens:

1. Genetics: The Merle coat gene can affect not only the coat’s color but also the eyes’ pigmentation. It can lead to one or both eyes being blue or having a bluish tint.

2. Heterochromia: When a Merle Staffy has one blue eye and one eye of a different color (like brown), it’s called heterochromia. This condition results from the interaction between the Merle gene and other genetic factors.

It is important to note that blue eyes are not necessarily a sign of health problems in Merle American Staffordshire Terriers.

Merle blue nose pitbull:


Merle Blue Nose Pitbulls have a grey base coat and merle markings due to the merle and blue nose genes.

The blue nose gene is a recessive gene that causes the dilution of black pigmentation in the dog’s coat.

This dilution results in a grey base coat.

The merle gene then further dilutes the pigment in the dog’s coat, resulting in patches of lighter-colored fur on the dog’s coat.

Red nose merle pitbull:

Red Nose Merle has a red base coat and merle markings due to the presence of the merle gene.


The Merle gene is a dominant gene that causes pigment dilution in the dog’s coat.

This dilution results in patches of lighter-colored fur on the dog’s coat.

The red nose color in Red Nose Merle mixes is caused by a separate gene that affects the production of eumelanin, a type of melanin responsible for black pigmentation.

The red nose gene causes the eumelanin to be produced in a different form, which results in the red nose color.

Merle Terriers as Watchdogs:

Yes, Merle bully can make good watchdogs because they are loyal and protective. They will often alert you if they sense something unusual or if a stranger is approaching your home.

Their strong and alert nature can make them effective at keeping an eye on your property.

Pitbulls Merle as Service Dogs:

Yes, Merle-Pitbulls can make good service dogs. They are intelligent and can learn various tasks, which can be helpful in service roles.

However, not all Bully Merle may be suitable for service work, so it’s important to assess their specific abilities and personality traits.

Experience level for owning a Merle Pit:

Owning a Merle Pit is a responsibility you should think about carefully. You don’t need a lot of experience with dogs, but some knowledge helps.

It’s essential to learn about the Pitbull breed, especially Merle Pit Bulls. They need training and time for exercise and play, so if you’re active, that’s good. You also need patience and be consistent with your dog’s care. If you have a family or other pets, ensure everyone is safe and happy with a new dog. 

Are Merle Pits Good for New Dog Owners?

Bully Pits can be okay for new dog owners, but it’s important to be prepared. They are strong dogs and need training and exercise. If you’re ready to learn and put in the effort, that’s great.

But if you’re new to dogs, it can be a bit challenging. It’s best to start with a dog known for being more accessible to train.

Double Merle Pitbull:

A double Pit Mix, sometimes called a “lethal white” Pitbull, results from breeding two dogs carrying the merle gene. 


When inherited from both parents, this gene can lead to genetic defects such as cleft palate, hip dysplasia, and elbow dysplasia in the pups.

Double merles often have primarily white coats with merle patches, and they can have blue eyes, which are more prone to sight problems.

Genetically, when two merle-carrying dogs are bred, there’s a 25% chance their puppies will be double merles.

Double merles can have various coat color variations, such as white with merle patches, and they might have blue, brown, or mixed-color eyes.

Breeding Concerns: 

Double Bully Merle come with concerns because they can be more susceptible to health issues, including deafness and blindness, due to the Merle gene’s impact on their eyes and ears. It makes responsible breeding and proper care essential to help ensure their well-being.

Are Merle Pitties Purebred?

Bully Merle can be a bit tricky regarding their purebred status.

Some Merle American Pitbull Terriers are purebred with the Merle gene, while others may have mixed ancestry. It’s important to know the dog’s lineage and verify their purebred status if that concerns you.

chocolate merle pitbull-puppy

However, Merle Bully Dogs can be purebred because they come from two Pit Bull parents, both of which carry the Merle gene. The Merle gene is recessive, meaning both parents must have it for their offspring to be Merle.

Whether or not a Merle Bully Pit is considered purebred is a matter of opinion. Some may believe that a Merle Staffy can only be regarded as purebred from two registered Pit Bull parents.

Others may believe that any Pit Bull that carries the Merle gene can be viewed as a Merle Bully Breed, regardless of its pedigree.

Reputable breeders can provide information about a dog’s lineage to ensure you get a purebred Merle Bully Terrier if that’s what you want.

Ultimately, the designation of a Merle Bully Pit as purebred or not is open to individual interpretation, and it’s essential to clarify with the breeder if you have specific preferences regarding their purebred status.


Merle American Pitbull Terrier breeders play a crucial role in preserving and promoting this unique coat color pattern in Pitbulls.  

Merle pittie breeders typically begin by breeding two American Pit Bull Terriers carrying the Merle gene. This gene is responsible for the Merle coat pattern, characterized by lighter patches on a darker base coat.

Once the puppies are born, the breeder will carefully evaluate them to ensure they meet all breed standards. It includes checking for the Merle gene and other important characteristics such as temperament, health, and conformation.

Reputable Pit Mix breeders will also socialize the puppies from a young age. It means exposing them to different people, places, and experiences so that they can grow up to be well-adjusted and confident dogs.

Finding a reliable Merle American Pitbull Terrier breeder involves research, recommendations, and visiting the breeder’s facilities.

Merle Pitbull for Adoption:

Adopting a Bully Pit puppy is a great way to give a deserving dog a loving home. These puppies are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and playful personalities.

merle american pitbull

However, it is crucial to research before adopting a Merle Pit puppy to ensure you are prepared for the challenges of owning this breed.

Research: Learn about the breed and what it takes to care for one.

Find Reputable Shelters: Search for shelters and rescues.

Visit Local Shelters: Check local shelters for available puppies.

Online Adoption Websites: Explore pet adoption websites.

Contact Breed Clubs: Reach out to Pit Bull breed clubs for leads.

Adoption Process: Expect an application, interview, and home visit.

Consider Older Dogs: Don’t overlook older dogs.

Prepare: Get the necessary supplies.

Training and Care: Commit to training and caring for your puppy.

Here are some tips when getting Merle pit puppies for adoption:

  • Get ready to respond to inquiries about your way of life and your history with dogs.
  • Be honest about your expectations for the dog.
  • Be patient and understanding. It may take some time for your new puppy to adjust to its new home.

Ethical Breeding of Merle Coat Pitbull:

The ethical breeding of Merle Pitter is a controversial topic. Some people believe that it is unethical to breed for a coat pattern that can lead to serious health problems, such as deafness and blindness. Some people think that responsible breeding methods can help reduce these dangers.

light brown Merle-Cross-Pit

Here are some ethical breeding practices to reduce the risk of health problems in Merle pitties:

  • Genetic testing: Both parents should be genetically tested to determine if they carry the merle gene. If both parents have the gene, there is a 25% chance that each puppy will be a double merle, at the highest risk of health problems. Breeders should avoid breeding two merle dogs together.
  • Health screening: Both parents should also be screened for other health problems that are common in Pitbulls, such as hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. Breeders should only breed dogs that have passed all health screenings.
  • Careful selection of breeding pairs: Breeders should select healthy breeding pairs with good temperaments. They should also avoid closely related breeding dogs, which can increase the genetic defect risk.

It is also essential for breeders to be honest and transparent with potential buyers about the potential health risks of Merle Pit bulls. Buyers should also be aware of these risks and be prepared to handle them if they purchase a Merle-Pitbull bully.

Here are some questions that prospective buyers should ask the breeder:

  • Have both parents been genetically tested for the Merle gene?
  • Have both parents been screened for other health problems that are common in Pitbulls?
  • What are the temperaments of the parents like?
  • Are the parents closely related?
  • What are the breeder’s policies on health guarantees and returns?

Merle Pitbull Price:

Merle-Pitbulls are one of the most expensive dog breeds in the world. Their cost can range from $1,500 to $7000, depending on the breeder, the dog’s bloodline, and appearance. Some breeders have even sold Merle Pitter for over $30,000.

Most Merle Pit puppies are available from $800 to $2,000. Potential buyers must research and find a reputable breeder charging a fair price. Buyers should also be aware of the potential health risks associated with Merle Bully Breeds and be prepared to pay for the necessary health screenings and veterinary care.

Why are Merle Pitbull puppies expensive?

There are a few reasons why Merle Pitter puppies are so costly:

Why are Merle Pitbull puppies expensive?

Rarity: The Merle coat pattern is unique and less common than solid-colored coats in Pitbulls. Breeders specifically breed for merle puppies, which can be difficult and time-consuming.

Breeding Challenges: Ethical breeders carefully plan Merle Staffy litters to avoid potential health issues associated with Double Merle puppies. This responsible breeding requires more effort and expertise.

Health testing: Reputable breeders will test their dogs for genetic health conditions, including the Merle gene. This health testing can be expensive.

Demand: Merle Pit bulls are in high demand among some dog owners and breeders due to their unique and striking appearance. 

Merle pit puppies may also be more expensive because breeders specializing in merle dogs often sell them.

Pros and Cons:

Unique coat patternHealth issues from double merle genes
Loyal and affectionate temperamentPotential alopecia and skin problems
Agility and obedience potentialProne to hip dysplasia and breed-related issues
Good watchdog and protective instinctsRequires early socialization and training


How can you tell if a pitbull is merle?

To determine if a pitbull is a merle, look for a distinctive coat pattern with irregular patches of color, often in shades of grey, black, and white. Bully Pit Merle typically have mottled or speckled coats that set them apart from solid-colored pits.

Are Merle Pitbulls Affectionate?

Yes, Terrier Merle-pits are known for their affectionate nature. They can be loving and loyal companions when adequately socialized and trained. Their affectionate behavior may vary from one individual to another, but many Bull Merle make great family pets.

Can Pitbulls be double merle?

Yes, Pitbulls can be double merle if their parents carry the merle gene. When two merle-coated Pitbulls are bred together, double merle puppies can be produced, at higher risk of specific health issues.

Are merle puppies worth more?

Merle puppies are often priced higher than their non-merle counterparts due to their unique, eye-catching coat pattern. The exact price can vary based on the breeder, bloodline, and demand for merle-coated dogs.

What does Merle mean in Pitbulls?

Merle is a coat color pattern found in Pitbulls and other dog breeds. It refers to a coat pattern characterized by mottled or speckled patches of color, often including a base color and lighter or darker spots. Merle is a genetic trait that can affect a dog’s coat, eye color, and health.

How can I prepare my Merle Pitbull for a checkup?

To prepare your Terrier Merle for a checkup, ensure they are comfortable and calm. Brush their coat to remove tangles or mats, and trim their nails if needed. Have their medical records ready and be ready to discuss any concerns or changes in their behavior with the veterinarian.

Are Merle Pitbulls Aggressive?

Pit Merle, like any other dog, can display a range of behaviors depending on their upbringing and socialization. While they are not inherently aggressive, early socialization, proper training, and responsible ownership are essential to ensure they have a well-balanced and non-aggressive temperament.

Does the AKC in Pitbulls recognize Merle?

No, the American Kennel Club (AKC) does not recognize the Merle coat pattern in Pitbulls as it is not a standard color pattern for American Pit Bull Terriers according to their breed standards.

What is a Merle pitbull mixed with?

Merle American Terrier can be mixed with various breeds, resulting in different characteristics. The specific mix can vary, depending on the breeder’s breeding practices.

What breeds make a merle pitbull?

The Merle coat pattern can occur in various breeds, and Merle Pits are usually bred from American Pit Bull Terriers or other pitbull-type breeds.

What breed is a Merle pitbull?

A Merle Pit is an American Pit Bull Terrier with a merle coat pattern. They belong to the broader category of pitbull-type breeds.

What colors make a Merle pitbull?

Merle Bulls typically exhibit grey, black, and white shades in their coat pattern. The specific colors and markings can vary among individual dogs.

Can Pitbulls be merle?

Yes, Pitbulls can have the Merle coat pattern, which results from the presence of the Merle gene in their genetic makeup.

How much are merle pitbulls worth?

Merle pitties can be priced anywhere from $800 to $3,000 or more, with variations based on lineage, breeder, and location.

How rare are Merle pitbulls?

Merle Terriers are relatively rare compared to solid-colored Pitbulls. The merle pattern is irregular, making these dogs somewhat unique in appearance.

Where did Merle Pitbull come from?

The merle coat pattern in Pitbulls is thought to have originated from various breeds, and its precise history needs to be well-documented. It has become a recognized coat variation in many pitbull-type breeds.

Where can I buy a merle pitbull?

You can find Terrier Merle puppies through reputable breeders, rescue organizations, or online platforms. Ensure you do thorough research and choose a responsible source that prioritizes the well-being of the dogs.

Where does the Merle gene come from in pitbulls?

The merle gene in pit bulls and other breeds is inherited genetically. It is a naturally occurring variation that affects coat color and pattern. The gene’s origin is not specific to Pitties but is present in various dog breeds.

What’s the final size of a grown Merle Pitbull?

Grown PitMerle usually reaches 17-21 inches in height and weighs 30-60 pounds. However, individual variations can occur.

Final Note:

In closing, I’ve shared my life experiences of a Merle Pitbull with you, and it’s been an incredible journey. These dogs are genuinely one-of-a-kind with their mesmerizing coats. However, it’s essential to remember that they can have some unique health considerations.

So, if you’re considering welcoming one into your home, choose a responsible breeder and be ready to offer them the love and care they need. Whether you’re an experienced dog owner or new to the game, Merle Bully Breed can make excellent, affectionate companions.

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